The following applied conservation action projects have been supported by MSBB through the BMC

1. Rejuvenation of Water Bodies through Community Biodiversity Conservation

The Adarsha Reddy Dy. C.F. Wadsa Forest Division and Mr. Dilip Gode Secretary, Vidarbha Nature Conservation Society, Nagpur presented case study of “Rejuvenation of water bodies through community biodiversity conservation plans in three selected JFMC villages in Wadasa Forest Division (Dist. Gadchiroli) viz. Naroti check, Korandi check and Kukdi” and stressed the need of removal of Ipomoea sp, deepening, planting of Lotus and Devdhan and introduction of indigenous fish species in the water body to restore the indigenous aquatic biodiversity and to arrest further degradation.

2. Aquatic Biodiversity Conservation in old Malgujari tanks of Gondia and Bhandara

Mr. Rajkamal Job, Hon. Wildlife Warden Gondia presented the conservation action plan on “Aquatic Biodiversity Conservation in old Malgujari tanks of Gondia and Bhandara” in association with Mr. Rama Rao Dy. C.F., Gondia Forest Division and some local fishermen community members. Mr. Job gave an overview about how the traditional Malgujari tanks lost their indiginous biodiversity over the period of time due to the silting and some other obvious reasons. Release of exotic fish species for commercial pisciculture is also a major reason for depletion of indigenous aquatic flora and fauna of these malgujari tanks. As on today utility of these tanks is almost nil as well it has lost the original aquatic biodiversity and whatever the fish diversity is present it is also infested with different diseases. Hence, restoration of these traditional tanks needs to be taken on priority basis. This will help to bring back indigenous aquatic diversity and would also provide livelihood to local community. The restoration process mainly involves deepening of the tanks; introduction of local indigenous aquatic plant species (e.g. Khas, Lotus, Typha etc); introduction of healthy indigenous fist varieties; removal of invasive plant as well as fish species from the tanks. Such activities were carried out through involvement of the communities in some tanks of the area. Introductory efforts done in this direction have shown positive results towards the eco-restoration of the tanks and local fishermen community is also happy for taking up such activities. So in first steps it is proposed that Malgujari tanks of 5 selected villages in Gondia and 3 villages in Bhandara districts have been identified for taking of this pilot conservation program through community involvement. Works like de-silting, introduction of Khas, Devdhan, Lotus and Typha; introduction of indigenous fishes and related work requires Rs. 10 lakhs for each tanks. The Board agreed to offer financial support to limited conservation activities like introduction of indigenous floral and faunal species, deepening and removal of invasive floral and faunal species. For this purpose 4 villages has been shortlisted two from Gondia (to be selected by the proponent) and two from Bhandara (Lendezari and Ravanwadi) districts and Board Members agreed to provide Rs. 5 lakhs financial assistance per BMC per malgujari tank. Please find a link to the presentation Freshwater BD Conservation, Bhandara

3. Community Conservation Plan for Chinkara at Kadbanwadi, near Indapur, Pune

A team represented by Mr. R. S. Kadam Dy.C.F. Pune Forest Division and Mr. Pawar, Chairman, JFMC Kadbanwadi. Mr. Pawar gave presentation on community conservation plan for Chinkara at Kadbanwadi, near Indapur, Pune. During his presentation he explained the population available in Shevgaon, Nhavi, Rui and Kadbanwadi areas. The JFMCs already developed a conservation action plan for foraging habitat of the Chinkara in this area. According to the conservation action plan, some of the works like water holes development, introduction of specific grass species has already been taken up to some extent. The JFMCs has submitted a proposal for conservation actions of Rs. 1 crore to the State Government which is under consideration. Please find a link to the presentation Kadbanwadi BMC, Pune FD

4. Micro Plan for Participatory Conservation and Development Plan in JFMC Villages in and around Yawal WLS

A team was represented by Mr. Rahurkar, Dy. C.F. Yawal Forest Division, Miss Pratibha Shinde from Lok Samnawaya Samiti, Taloda and five JFMCs representatives from Andharmayi, Godra, Jamnya, Nimdya, Garkheda and Usmali villages in and around Yawal WLS. Miss Pratibha presented the micro plan for participatory conservation and development plan in JFMC villages in and around Yawal WLS. She traced needs of sensitizing local people and development of livelihood. In this respect training in gum tapping and introduction of gum species in the area could develop a very good livelihood source for the marginal households. This will need the financial help of at least Rs. 1 lakh/village. Secondly, the community has indicated the need for developing natural regeneration plots in each of the villages by providing conducive conditions for regeneration of the natural forest. By community efforts like prohibition of grazing, community patrolling for protection and forest fire; ban on entering of cattle and offenders involved in elicit cutting who come from adjoining state etc. For creation of such regeneration plots and carrying out related activities there will be need of Rs. 1 .5 to 2 lakh /10 hectare plot / village. The Principal Secretary (Forests) added that this plots shall be the model for others to follow. So they should be developed on permanent basis in such a way that they could serve as a demonstration plots. People / Forest Official from other areas could visit these plots for model concept and on hand demonstration to be repeated in all other Forest Areas. The Board Members agreed to this concept and it was unanimously decided to provide Rs. 1 lakh financial aid to each BMC for sensitization, conservation plan development and training component and Rs. 1 lakhs for each BMC for development of natural regeneration plots apart from MSBBs fund of Rs. 36000.00 to each BMC for preparation of PBR. This activity will be carried out by Usmai, Gadrya and Jamnya village BMC’s from inside Yawal Sanctuary and Nimdya, Adahrmani and Garkheda village BMC’s outside Yawal WLS. Please find a link to the presentation a) Participatory Conservation Plan around Yaval WLS b) BMC under Yaval FD

5.Community Based GIB Conservation Action Plan in Warora Grassland

A team was represented by Dr. N. D. Chaudhary, Dy. C.F. Chandrapur Forest Division and Shr. Dudhalkar, Sarpanch, Marda. He presented community based GIB conservation action plan that is being carried out in Warora grassland of Chandrapur district. The conservation issue that needs to be tackled are a. Ban on use of inorganic fertilizers in crop cultivation b. Change in farm practices c. Restrictions on mining operations d. Regulation on industrial pollution e. Mitigation plan for High tension electric lines These grasslands provide breeding as well as nesting habitats for GIB and such areas have been already demarcated. He traced the need for taking up organic farming in the area, to give protection to the nesting / breeding sites of GIB and community patrolling for such areas. The egg laying season of GIB is April – May. 7 such sites have been identifies in Marda, Vanoja, Bhatadi areas and they fall mostly in non forest area. Some of these sites are in cultivation areas. Egg hatching takes place in September. Due to ploughing activities some of the eggs get destroyed. The farmers are very much enthusiastic for taking up organic farming. So a proposal has already been prepared and sent to Government for providing financial aid to farmers for taking up organic farming. Apart from this MSBB could give Rs. 36000 / BMC for preparation of PBR to these four villages. Please find a link to the presentation GIB Conservation, Chandrapur FD

6. Biodiversity Action plan through community involvement in Naxal affected areas of Gadchiroli district

A team was represented by Miss Laxmi Dy. C.F. Gadchiroli Forest Division. She presented Biodiversity Action plan through community involvement in Naxal affected areas of Gadchiroli district. She overviewed the activities that are being carried out in this program. This program is being funded by State Forest Department, So as of now no fund requirements from MSBB. However, she told that formation of BMC’s in these areas is underway and local people are willing to start preparation of PBR. The proposal to that effect will be sent to MSBB soon. Please find a link to the presentation

7. Conservation of habitats for M. Gliding Frog, Oriental small clawed Otter, G. Pied Hornbill & Butterfly Migration in Sindhudurg

A team was represented by Mr. M. K. Rao, CCF, Kolhapur Forest Circle along with Mr. Ramesh Kumar Dy.C.F. Sawantwadi, Shri Amar Sable DFO Chiplun and Mr. Bhau Katdare, Sahyandri Nisarga Mitra, Chiplun. Mr. Rao provided information of habitat of Malabar gliding Frog in Amboli area; oriental small clawed otter in perennial streams of Dabhil/ Sarambale villages; Great Pied Hornbill in Asaniye and Devrookh area and Butterfly migration in Gharpi area of Sawantwadi. He proposed to take up one tree / one pond breeding habitat development for the frog species in the villages of Amboli through community involvement. Many of the peoples are enthusiastic to take up this activity. The sites for taking up such activities have been identified for creation of such habitats. The proposal involves financial aid of Rs. 3 lakhs. For oriental small clawed otter; creation of sand banks and prohibition of use of dynamite for fishing and poaching activities needs to be stopped by sensitizing and involving villagers. In case of Great Pied Hornbill habitat, mapping and monitoring of breeding sites with the community involvement is necessary. Similar activity has to be carried out for recording butter fly migration in the moist Deciduous Forests of the area. The period for observation will be 1. March – April-May and 2. Sep – Oct – Nov. For public sensitization training will be carried out, BMC will be formed in these villages. Please find a link to the presentation Conservation of RET species, Kolhapur FD

8. Conservation Action Plan for Black-buck in Mamdapur area of Nashik District

A team was represented by Ms Pradeepa Dy.C.F., East Nasik and Mr. Popat Avahad JFMC Chairman, Rajapur. She presented conservation Action Plan for Black-buck in Mamdapur area of Nashik District. The normal habitat of the black-buck is the forest area available in vicinity of village. However, due to paucity of palatable grass / foraging species, water availability and shelter the black-buck usually get attracted towards adjoining cultivation areas which are irrigated and provide green herbage particularly in drier months of the year. Local people of Mamdapur, Rajapur, Somtanjosh and Devdari have been sensitized for protecting and developing the natural habitat of the black-buck and they have agreed to participate in the conservation program. Through discussions with these people, it has been proposed to take up water hole creation by construction of Solar Pump operated bore-well; creation of artificial tanks and development of forage/fodder plots of 5 to 10 hectare nearby each waterhole in the forest area. It is also proposed to undertake Nalabunds and soil and moisture conservation works, planting of forage and shade tree species etc. in the forest area. The proposal has already been submitted to Govt. of Maharashtra. Please find a link to the presentation Mamdapur BMC, Nasik FD